Gallatin County vs. Montana
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Population Growth and Change, 1969-2022
Introduction
Gallatin County vs. Montana
Gallatin County:
2022 Population = 124,857
2022 Percent of State = 11.12%
Montana:
2022 Population = 1,122,867
2022 Percent of U.S. = 0.34%
Attracting and retaining people to live, work, raise a family, and retire underlies the economic vitality of any region. Population growth is both a cause--and a consequence--of economic growth. Patterns of population growth and change reflect differences among regions to attract and retain people both as producers and consumers in their economy.
The following graphs offer a broad overview of trends in the pattern of population growth and change of Gallatin County with comparisons to Montana and the nation at large. This analysis features alternative approaches toward discussing, diagnosing and comparing Gallatin County vs. Montana's population growth over 1969-2022. The data used are those compiled by the Regional Income and Product Divisions of the Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce.
Population, 1969-2022
Population, 1969-2022
Figure 1.
Figure 1 tracks Gallatin County's annual population for the period 1969-2022 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 54-year period, Gallatin County's population rose from 31,973 in 1969 to 124,857 in 2022, for a net gain of 92,884, or 290.51%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population, 1969-2022
Population, 1969-2022
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Montana's annual population for the period 1969-2022 to illustrate population patterns over time. During this 54-year period, Montana's population rose from 694,000 in 1969 to 1,122,867 in 2022, for a net gain of 428,867, or 61.80%.
NOTE: The county and state population totals reported by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) are from the Bureau of Census midyear (July 1) estimates. These estimates may differ from those prepared independently in some states by various agencies and/or universities.
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Population Indices (1969=100): 1969-2022
Figure 3.
Figure 3 shows Gallatin County's population growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Montana, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's population in 1969 as a base figure of 100, and the populations in later years as a percentage of the 1969 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in population growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Gallatin County's overall population growth was 290.51% over 1969-2022 outpaced Montana's increase of 61.80%, and outpaced the United States' increase of 65.57%.
Population as a Percent of the Montana Total: 1969-2022
Population as a Percent of the Montana Total: 1969-2022
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of highlighting the population growth of Gallatin County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Montana's statewide population over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's population grew faster, or declined less, than Montana's population, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 1969, Gallatin County's population totaled 4.61% of Montana's population, while in 2022 it totaled 11.12% thereby yielding a +6.51% share-shift.
   
 
Population Share-Shift
2022 vs. 1969
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2022
vs.
1969
+6.51%
=
11.12%
-
4.61%
 
   
Gallatin County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Gallatin County Population:
Annual Percent Change, 1970-2022
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Gallatin County's population growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 1970-2022. The average annual percent change for the entire 53-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Gallatin County's population grew at an annual rate of 2.61% over 1970-2022. The county posted its highest growth in 2006 (4.57%) and recorded its lowest growth in 1987 (-0.45%). In 2022, Gallatin County's population grew by 1.47%
Gallatin County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Gallatin County Population:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 1970-2022
Figure 6.
Over the past five decades some counties have experienced extreme swings in growth, and often such swings have tended to coincide with the decades themselves. Figure 6 again depicts the annual percent change in Gallatin County's population since 1970, but this time they are displayed with average growth rates for the decade of the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s, and 2020-2022.
During the 1970s, Gallatin County's annual population growth rate averaged 2.77%. It averaged 1.67% in the 1980s, 2.98% throughout the 1990s, 2.99% during the 2000s, 2.75% in the 2010s, 2.23% thus far this decade (2020-2022).
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Gallatin County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Montana and the nation. As the chart reveals, Gallatin County's average annual population growth led Montana's average in the 1970s (2.77% vs. 1.29%), outgained Montana's average throughout the 1980s (1.67% vs. 0.14%), registered above Montana's average during the 1990s (2.98% vs. 1.16%), topped Montana's average during the 2000s (2.99% vs. 0.92%), registered above Montana's average throughout the 2010s (2.75% vs. 0.89%), and outpaced Montana's average over the 3 year period of the current decade, 2020-2022 (2.23% vs. 1.45%).
Finally, relative to nationwide population growth trends, Gallatin County topped the nation throughout the 1970s (2.77% vs. 1.10%), recorded above the nation in the 1980s (1.67% vs. 0.95%), led the nation in the 1990s (2.98% vs. 1.23%), surpassed the nation throughout the 2000s (2.99% vs. 0.95%), outperformed the nation throughout the 2010s (2.75% vs. 0.74%), and led the nation over 2020-2022 (2.23% vs. 0.31%).
   
 
Population Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
2.61
2.77
1.67
2.98
2.99
2.75
2.23
1.47
 
0.91
1.29
0.14
1.16
0.92
0.89
1.45
1.50
 
0.96
1.10
0.95
1.23
0.95
0.74
0.31
0.38
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Gallatin County:
Population, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
31,973
100.0
N
4.61
1970
 
32,754
102.4
2.44
4.70
1971
 
33,953
106.2
3.66
4.78
1972
 
35,374
110.6
4.19
4.92
1973
 
36,069
112.8
1.96
4.96
1974
 
37,175
116.3
3.07
5.04
1975
 
37,902
118.5
1.96
5.06
1976
 
38,224
119.6
0.85
5.04
1977
 
39,559
123.7
3.49
5.13
1978
 
40,823
127.7
3.20
5.21
1979
 
42,007
131.4
2.90
5.32
1980
 
43,120
134.9
2.65
5.47
1981
 
44,050
137.8
2.16
5.54
1982
 
45,372
141.9
3.00
5.64
1983
 
46,365
145.0
2.19
5.70
1984
 
47,673
149.1
2.82
5.81
1985
 
48,994
153.2
2.77
5.96
1986
 
49,104
153.6
0.22
6.03
1987
 
48,884
152.9
-0.45
6.07
1988
 
48,817
152.7
-0.14
6.10
1989
 
49,546
155.0
1.49
6.20
1990
 
50,811
158.9
2.55
6.35
1991
 
52,588
164.5
3.50
6.49
1992
 
54,628
170.9
3.88
6.62
1993
 
56,739
177.5
3.86
6.72
1994
 
58,879
184.2
3.77
6.84
1995
 
60,644
189.7
3.00
6.92
1996
 
61,790
193.3
1.89
6.97
1997
 
63,143
197.5
2.19
7.10
1998
 
64,806
202.7
2.63
7.26
1999
 
66,437
207.8
2.52
7.40
2000
 
68,375
213.9
2.92
7.57
2001
 
70,120
219.3
2.55
7.73
2002
 
71,824
224.6
2.43
7.88
2003
 
74,504
233.0
3.73
8.10
2004
 
77,124
241.2
3.52
8.29
2005
 
80,310
251.2
4.13
8.54
2006
 
83,984
262.7
4.57
8.82
2007
 
86,620
270.9
3.14
8.98
2008
 
88,932
278.1
2.67
9.11
2009
 
89,187
278.9
0.29
9.06
2010
 
89,713
280.6
0.59
9.05
2011
 
91,671
286.7
2.18
9.18
2012
 
93,098
291.2
1.56
9.26
2013
 
95,581
298.9
2.67
9.41
2014
 
98,564
308.3
3.12
9.62
2015
 
102,238
319.8
3.73
9.88
2016
 
106,484
333.0
4.15
10.18
2017
 
110,640
346.0
3.90
10.46
2018
 
113,975
356.5
3.01
10.69
2019
 
116,884
365.6
2.55
10.87
2020
 
119,585
374.0
2.31
11.00
2021
 
123,051
384.9
2.90
11.12
2022
 
124,857
390.5
1.47
11.12
Source: Calculations by the Montana Regional Economic Analysis Project (MT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Montana:
Population, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
694,000
100.0
N
0.34
1970
 
697,172
100.5
0.46
0.34
1971
 
711,037
102.5
1.99
0.34
1972
 
719,138
103.6
1.14
0.34
1973
 
727,389
104.8
1.15
0.34
1974
 
737,203
106.2
1.35
0.35
1975
 
749,208
108.0
1.63
0.35
1976
 
758,521
109.3
1.24
0.35
1977
 
771,354
111.1
1.69
0.35
1978
 
784,043
113.0
1.65
0.35
1979
 
789,167
113.7
0.65
0.35
1980
 
788,752
113.7
-0.05
0.35
1981
 
795,325
114.6
0.83
0.35
1982
 
803,984
115.8
1.09
0.35
1983
 
814,029
117.3
1.25
0.35
1984
 
820,904
118.3
0.84
0.35
1985
 
822,320
118.5
0.17
0.35
1986
 
813,738
117.3
-1.04
0.34
1987
 
805,064
116.0
-1.07
0.33
1988
 
800,200
115.3
-0.60
0.33
1989
 
799,634
115.2
-0.07
0.32
1990
 
800,204
115.3
0.07
0.32
1991
 
809,680
116.7
1.18
0.32
1992
 
825,770
119.0
1.99
0.32
1993
 
844,761
121.7
2.30
0.33
1994
 
861,306
124.1
1.96
0.33
1995
 
876,553
126.3
1.77
0.33
1996
 
886,254
127.7
1.11
0.33
1997
 
889,865
128.2
0.41
0.33
1998
 
892,431
128.6
0.29
0.32
1999
 
897,507
129.3
0.57
0.32
2000
 
903,773
130.2
0.70
0.32
2001
 
906,961
130.7
0.35
0.32
2002
 
911,667
131.4
0.52
0.32
2003
 
919,630
132.5
0.87
0.32
2004
 
930,009
134.0
1.13
0.32
2005
 
940,102
135.5
1.09
0.32
2006
 
952,692
137.3
1.34
0.32
2007
 
964,706
139.0
1.26
0.32
2008
 
976,415
140.7
1.21
0.32
2009
 
983,982
141.8
0.77
0.32
2010
 
990,863
142.8
0.70
0.32
2011
 
998,188
143.8
0.74
0.32
2012
 
1,005,385
144.9
0.72
0.32
2013
 
1,015,933
146.4
1.05
0.32
2014
 
1,024,998
147.7
0.89
0.32
2015
 
1,034,413
149.1
0.92
0.32
2016
 
1,045,648
150.7
1.09
0.32
2017
 
1,057,982
152.4
1.18
0.32
2018
 
1,066,542
153.7
0.81
0.32
2019
 
1,075,462
155.0
0.84
0.33
2020
 
1,087,075
156.6
1.08
0.33
2021
 
1,106,227
159.4
1.76
0.33
2022
 
1,122,867
161.8
1.50
0.34
Source: Calculations by the Montana Regional Economic Analysis Project (MT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PSN
 
   

Interactive TableTip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Population, 1969-2022
 
1969
 
201,298,000
100.0
N
1970
 
203,798,722
101.2
1.24
1971
 
206,817,509
102.7
1.48
1972
 
209,274,882
104.0
1.19
1973
 
211,349,205
105.0
0.99
1974
 
213,333,635
106.0
0.94
1975
 
215,456,585
107.0
1.00
1976
 
217,553,859
108.1
0.97
1977
 
219,760,875
109.2
1.01
1978
 
222,098,244
110.3
1.06
1979
 
224,568,579
111.6
1.11
1980
 
227,224,719
112.9
1.18
1981
 
229,465,744
114.0
0.99
1982
 
231,664,432
115.1
0.96
1983
 
233,792,014
116.1
0.92
1984
 
235,824,907
117.2
0.87
1985
 
237,923,734
118.2
0.89
1986
 
240,132,831
119.3
0.93
1987
 
242,288,936
120.4
0.90
1988
 
244,499,004
121.5
0.91
1989
 
246,819,222
122.6
0.95
1990
 
249,622,814
124.0
1.14
1991
 
252,980,941
125.7
1.35
1992
 
256,514,224
127.4
1.40
1993
 
259,918,588
129.1
1.33
1994
 
263,125,821
130.7
1.23
1995
 
266,278,393
132.3
1.20
1996
 
269,394,284
133.8
1.17
1997
 
272,646,925
135.4
1.21
1998
 
275,854,104
137.0
1.18
1999
 
279,040,168
138.6
1.15
2000
 
282,162,411
140.2
1.12
2001
 
284,968,955
141.6
0.99
2002
 
287,625,193
142.9
0.93
2003
 
290,107,933
144.1
0.86
2004
 
292,805,298
145.5
0.93
2005
 
295,516,599
146.8
0.93
2006
 
298,379,912
148.2
0.97
2007
 
301,231,207
149.6
0.96
2008
 
304,093,966
151.1
0.95
2009
 
306,771,529
152.4
0.88
2010
 
309,378,433
153.7
0.85
2011
 
311,841,632
154.9
0.80
2012
 
314,344,331
156.2
0.80
2013
 
316,735,375
157.3
0.76
2014
 
319,270,047
158.6
0.80
2015
 
321,829,327
159.9
0.80
2016
 
324,367,742
161.1
0.79
2017
 
326,623,063
162.3
0.70
2018
 
328,542,157
163.2
0.59
2019
 
330,233,102
164.1
0.51
2020
 
331,511,512
164.7
0.39
2021
 
332,031,554
164.9
0.16
2022
 
333,287,557
165.6
0.38
Source: Calculations by the Montana Regional Economic Analysis Project (MT-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2023
REAP_PI_CA1400_100_PN
 
   
Copyright © 2023. Pacific Northwest Regional Economic Analysis Project (PNREAP). All Rights Reserved.

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